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Current state of waste to energy in Philippines

Waste Management in the Philippines

The Philippines is experiencing economic along with a strong population growth.  The federal government has passed legislation that primarily puts the onus on local government units to implement waste management practices that include reuse and proper recycling.  R.A. 9003, aka the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act, that authorizes local government units (LGUs) to take charge of the management of solid waste management programs in their respective area of responsibility.

Unfortunately, the practical aspects of implementing these changes and the burden of shouldering the cost has not been properly addressed. The current state of the country's waste management program is abysmal. The fact is the amount of money needed for waste management and the amount of revenue that is obtained from providing waste management services is not in synch. The fact is that most local government units are not able to provide waste management services.

Little solid financial analysis or research has been undertaken in the country with the exception of Japanese research by, Kojima and Michida ed., Economic Integration and Recycling in Asia: An Interim Report, Chosakenkyu Hokokusho, Institute of Developing Economies, 2011. 

The Manila Metro area is the worst area for non-compliance and the proliferation of garbage.  Recent reports estimate 10,000 tons of solid waste is produced a day.  At this rate according to Emelita S. Aguinaldo, executive director of the National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) "If we will not change our way of life, we will run out of land to dump the waste and we will soon be walking on streets full of garbage.”

Manila has four different dump sites located in Tanza, Navotas, Payatas, and Montalban.  Most are unsanitary with open burning.  While there have been minimal efforts in collection of landfill gases at the Payhatas landfill which was also the location in 2000 where a landslide of garbage at the Payatas dump killed over two hundred scavengers.  Payatas replaced the notorious Tondo landfill shutdown but still has no remediation of the 40 years of toxic waste and garbage remaining a landmark to poor waste management.

In 2015 Engineer Nelson Q Remulla approached the WTERT to establish WTERT Philippines with the vision of a foundation promoting research to identify technologies to address the waste to energy solutions in our country.  His vision is to create opportunities for business to invest in waste to energy conversion to save his country’s environment from the accumulative effects of the failure of proper waste management.

Created by Mark Bergman (WtERT Philippines), (), last modified by ()


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